ESCAPING THE GOLDEN CAGE*
Learning to Practise the Art of Observational Geotechnical Engineering
Presented by John Simmons
The observational method is a respected pillar of geotechnical practice, but it appears in many guises and its application is not always clearly understood or appreciated. At its heart is the engineer’s dilemma of getting something to work safely and efficiently in the face of uncertainties. This presentation traces a professional career that started with a passion for geology, dams, and bridges, developed into a fascination for slope stability and periglacial landforms, was seconded into the black arts of slope stability and waste management in coal mining, and was then driven back to research to seek better answers to some fundamental mining slope stability problems. The complex inter-relationships among assumptions, analyses, observations, and outcomes are described for some case histories ranging from pile foundations to slope instability and material characterisation tests. In order to understand and achieve well engineered outcomes, observational skill and design detailing is promoted as the key to escaping the golden cage of modelling and analysis.
(* inspired by a Karl Terzaghi quote)
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About John Simmons
John Simmons has a BE (Civil) from the University of Queensland in 1971, and an MSc (1974) and PhD (1982) in Civil Engineering (Geotechnical) from the University of Alberta. After a childhood of building dams he started his engineering career as a bridge construction worker and progressed to specialise in field mapping of rockslides in the Canadian Rockies and landslides in suburban Edmonton. He held teaching and research positions for several years at James Cook University, including investigations of pavements, coral reef materials, soft estuarine soils, slope stability of saprolites, brittle failure of mine pillars at Mt Isa, and introduction of operational piezocone technology to Australia in 1986. From 1990 to 1995 he worked for BHP Engineering where he coordinated and supervised geotechnical projects in Australia, Algeria, Indonesia, Vietnam, and India. During this time he was seconded to BHP Coal (now BMA Coal) where he shared responsibility for open cut geotechnical services for BHP’s Bowen Basin coal mines. In 1995 he commenced an independent geotechnical consultancy, where his projects have ranged from bat caves to reclamations and heavy duty port pavements, slope stability and slope hazard management for open pit coal mining, foundations, ash dam designs and certifications, materials testing, and investigations of professional misconduct. Since 2011 he has been a conjoint fellow at the University of Newcastle where he co-supervises research and helped develop a very large high-capacity direct shear testing facility. He has written three theses based on finite element modelling of seepage, arching in earthfill dams, and the mechanics of progressive failure, and authored or co-authored over 90 publications including book chapters on tropical and residual soils and on dragline waste dump design.
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